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Bye Beautiful By Julia Lawrinson Essays and Research Papers. BYE BEAUTIFUL SUMMARY TABLE Page Reference | Events | Techniques | Themes | Purpose | 1 – 2 | Prologue: Family’s and Frank’s . reaction to Billy’s death | Italic’sThird Person | | Creates suspense | 5 – 6 | Lansings’ car journey | Similes :HeatPersonificationAdjectives | Family roles in 1960s established | Creates a sense of heat and isolation | 7 – 9 | Meet Bill Read | DialoguePersonificationSymbolism :” shriek of the cockatoos” (9) | | Reference to politics (Menzies) provides historical. Anxiety , Family 1430 Words | 5 Pages. In Julia Lawrinson’s ‘ Bye , Beautiful ’, Sandy Lansing is a character of many layers as she is portrayed as a victim, . villain and a hero. 700 Words Essay? At first she is timid and awards, living in her sister Marianne’s shadow, but soon shows her bitterness and jealousy towards Marianne.
As we near the 700 words essay, end of the essay introduction tips, book however, she puts her own feelings aside and essay, shows her bravery when she stands up for her sister. Animal Care Assistant Letter? Sandy can be perceived as a victim as she is used as a cover up for 700 words essay Billy and Marianne’s relationship. Essay Environmental Sustainability? Eastern Wu , Feeling 684 Words | 2 Pages. Traits of Winston and Julia from 1984. ? The Traits of Winston and Julia from Orwell’s 1984 Throughout one’s life, there are people whose similar and contrasting . personalities help one to 700 words, learn more about bullying in schools themselves. In George Orwell’s 1984, Orwell demonstrates a character foil between the protagonist Winston and his love-interest Julia . Although Winston and 700 words essay, Julia’s views on a level english literature essay skills life, and the Party are different, they are similar in their hopes to rebel against the Party, leading to 700 words, their overall downfall and doomed relationship. Order Academic Essay? Animal Farm , Big Brother , George Orwell 948 Words | 3 Pages. ?Jeff October 30, 2013 Jeff couldn’t keep his eyes off of Julia . She was beautiful , astoundingly beautiful . . Another day in essay English class, staring at the love of his life, never once saying a word, he was afraid of rejection afraid that if she said no he would never look at another woman the same, all he did was stare from across the room. She was 20 years old, petite, her slim five foot frame adorned with a light pink sundress that rested right above the knee, a ribbon in awards her hair to. 700 Words Essay? Wheel 1826 Words | 6 Pages. Period 1 3 16 14 Bye Bye Birdie Play Review The Saint Joseph’s High School rendition of the 1960 Broadway . musical, Bye Bye Birdie, was a flop. Times Awards? When attempting to put on a show with some “pizzazz” the director, Brian Bozanich, fell short of the true goal; which was to deliver a message to essay, the audience.
The book written by Michael Stewart was originally intended to tell the story of a young rock and roll star who has been drafted into the army but has one last wish, to kiss a lucky. Audience , Audience theory , Bye Bye Birdie 873 Words | 3 Pages. Life Is Beautiful - Rhetorical Analysis. Life is Beautiful As an exquisite woman walks into a room, it is not uncommon to see heads turn her way. We have seen beautiful . women be the center of attention in many instances, such as when a bride walks down the aisle to her groom, or perhaps when Julia Roberts walks out in a stunning red opera dress in Pretty Woman, illustrating her transformation from rags to riches. Essay? The familiar arrival of the pretty woman in essay movies and about sustainability, books is 700 words, also seen in Lancome’s perfume advertisement. Julia Roberts. Academy Award for Best Actress , Audience , Audience theory 1081 Words | 3 Pages.
WWinston and Julia in Love: The Theme of 1984 by George Orwell It is bullying in schools essays, apparent that there are many themes present in the book 1984 and there . have been many arguments as to essay, which one is the most significant, but it seems obvious that the most prevalent one is that love is the best aspect in life. While the world of in schools essays, 1984 is one where love is nearly impossible to essay, exist, a pair of souls, Winston and Julia , beat the devastating odds and loved each other despite the certain doom they faced. There has been. Emotion , George Orwell , Interpersonal relationship 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Lyrics of care cover letter no experience, Bye Bye – Mariah Carey This is for my people who just lost somebody Your best friend, your baby, your man, or your . lady Put your hand way up high We will never say bye (no, no, no) Mamas, daddies, sisters, brothers, friends and cousins This is for my people who lost their grandmothers Lift your head to the sky ‘cause we will never say bye As a child there were them times I didn’t get it but you kept me in line I didn’t know why you didn’t show up sometimes On sunday mornings. 2005 albums , 2005 singles , 2009 singles 1482 Words | 6 Pages.
Compare the ways the 700 words essay, nature of racism and prejudice is presented in assistant cover letter Bye Beautiful and 700 words, American History X. In . Julia Lawrinson’s Bye Beautiful and Tony Kaye’s American History X, the essay sustainability, authors use a range of techniques to explore the ways the nature of racism and 700 words, prejudice is presented. The novel Bye Beautiful uses a variety of characters to express and represent various types of racism and prejudice, contrasting with each other. A Level Skills? Lawrinson also uses the voice of a young female narrator, who is also a character. American History X , Discrimination , Narrative 1591 Words | 5 Pages. Rum and Coke by Julia O’Faolain ’[pic] The short story “Rum and Coke” (1996) written by 700 words, Julia O’Faolain takes place in Ireland . in the higher catholic environment. Our narrator is the times, son of a catholic Irish senator, who is trying to preserve Ireland as a state in the teaching of the Irish Catholic Church. As the story continues, our narrator discovers that his father is having an affair with a younger woman, Artemis Sheehy, and she is pregnant with his father’s child. The two of them had been. Belfast , Family , Fiction 896 Words | 3 Pages. Chapter 2 After walking a while, they finally stopped and realized they were a long way from home in a part of the 700 words essay, neighborhood they had . Essay? never seen before. There were fairies as beautiful as princesses’ birds with the rainbow colors on 700 words essay their feathers all different kinds of animals, beautiful butterflies and the most unexpected fairies they thought they’d only see fairies in there Fairy Tale books.
It soon became dark, Jesse and english literature skills, Mary Sue had fallen asleep on a rock. When Jesse and. 700 Words Essay? Black-and-white films , Closeted , Coming out 1993 Words | 5 Pages. Bullying? ?Yonathan Woldu Professor Ballow Speech 1311 – S70 17 September 2014 A Fathers Love for essay His Son In the hilarious yet sorrowful film “Life is . Beautiful ”, the main character Guido, who was played by Oscar winning actor Roberto Benigni who also directed and co-wrote this film, helps his son and animal assistant cover, wife Dora, played by Nicoletta Braschi who is Benigni real life wife, survive the horrors of a Jewish Concentration Camp through his sense of 700 words, humor and imagination. Though there were scenes about good essay introduction what went. Communication , Down by Law , Johnny Stecchino 972 Words | 4 Pages. Winston Smith and 700 words, Julia , the protagonists from George Orwell's dystopian novel 1984, were brought together by their hate of the society in . which they lived. English? Their relationship, which budded throughout the middle third of the 700 words essay, novel, brought to light many interesting contrasts between the rebels. They were equal opposites, with different skills, priorities and tactics.
Because of this, they complemented each other and good tips, learned from each other, which served to strengthen and prolong their relationship. 1984 , Darkness at Noon , Ingsoc 1244 Words | 4 Pages. A Comparative Study on the Theme of East-West Encounter in Kamala Markandaya’s Possession and essay, Anita Desai’s Bye-Bye Blackbird. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE THEME OF East-west encounter in animal assistant cover KAMALA MARKANDAYA’S POSSESSION AND ANITA DESAI’S BYE - BYE BLACKBIRD . 700 Words Essay? P.KRISHNAVENI, Research Scholar. P.KUSUMA HARINATH, Associate professor , Dept. of English S.V.University. England , English people , India 1582 Words | 5 Pages. CORPUS THE BEAUTIFUL AND THE UGLY: BODY REPRESENTATIONS Lisbon, January 7th-8th 2010 CORPUS INTERNATIONAL GROUP FOR THE CULTURAL STUDIES OF . THE BODY INSTITUTO DE ESTUDOS DE LITERATURA TRADICIONAL FACULDADE DE CIENCIAS SOCIAIS E HUMANAS UNIVERSIDADE NOVA DE LISBOA THURSDAY, JANUARY 7th INTRODUCTION SESSION, 9 h 00 – 9 h 30 Reception of participants by the coordinators • Ines de Ornellas e Castro (Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal) Frederic Duhart (EHESS, France): The Beautiful and the. Faculdade de Economia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa , Higher education in times law essay awards Portugal , Lisbon 1255 Words | 6 Pages. Film Analysis: A Beautiful Mind I. Introduction For this assignment, I choose to view A Beautiful Mind, which is a . biography based on the true life story of a math prodigy, John Forbes Nash Jr. The movie is 700 words, a brilliant and touching portrayal of the destruction of the mind by schizophrenia, paranoia, and the effect of ostracism. These psychological concepts and conditions are clearly shown by the main character, played by Russell Crowe.
Two of the concepts extensively described in this paper. Abnormal psychology , Delusion , Delusional disorder 2295 Words | 7 Pages. ?Women are beautiful By Maria Batrakova Group 21 D Free and a level english, beautiful , that was how one of the greatest innovators of . photography, Garry Winogrand, pictured women. (Here you can see a photo of him: http://imgur.com/AjnXCe6) Due to Art Blart (Art Blart, 2011) he was considered as one of the most distinguished photographers of the essay, twenties-century in America. English Literature Skills? Winogrand's amazing exhibition includes 85 spontaneous photographs taken between 1960 and 1975 in and around New-York city. (Series of his. Art museum , Black-and-white films , Childbirth 759 Words | 2 Pages. interesting stories about his younger life surrounding football a lot of facts had changed dramatically since then, I remember thinking to myself I wish . football was like it was in my papas days. My dad once told me that football was named the beautiful game, and there was a reason behind that but now me being 15 and realised the 700 words essay, ugly truth about football, I now going to write an essay to demonstrate why no other sport can compare to this game! Countries across the world are entered in a football. 2006 FIFA World Cup , 2010 FIFA World Cup , American football 1000 Words | 3 Pages. ?Hall 1 Makalia Hall English 2 Mrs. McAlister 2/16/15 Julia Alvarez Essay Julia Alvarez was born on March 27, 1950. She was born . in New York City. When she was three her family moved back to her families’ native land, Trujillo. Julia moved back to New York, where she graduated from high school in awards 1967.
Then she then attended Connecticut College for two years, where she won the Benjamin T. Marshall Poetry Prize. After attending Bread Loaf School of English, at 700 words Middlebury College. She received a bachelor. Dominican Republic , Rafael Trujillo , Salome Urena 1187 Words | 4 Pages. ?Robert Benigni 1997 film life is beautiful is essay about environmental, set during World War Two Nazi occupation in Italy. The film portrays the life of an Italian Jew . and the responsibilities he faces to maintain his relationship with his wife and son. Benigni highlights through filmic elements such as soundtrack, dialogue and setting that life is 700 words essay, all about essay about environmental relationships, the essay, title life is beautiful represents how life can be beautiful even in oppressive circumstances if you have quality relationships. The film is split.
Academy Award for Best Actor , English-language films , Human 989 Words | 3 Pages. ? Bottom of Form Life is Beautiful and Non Verbal Communication Nonverbal communication is anything other than words that communicates a . message. In other words, nonverbal communication is word-less communication received through the medium of gestures, signs, body movements, facial expressions, tone of voice, color, time, space, style of writing, and choice of words. Kinesics literally means body movements. Animal Care Assistant Letter? We can define kinesics as the study of the body's physical movements. In other words. Body language , Communication , Metacommunicative competence 1221 Words | 4 Pages. ?Nicole Calabro Professor Kulpanowski PSY 2013 October 21, 2013 A Beautiful Mind “A Beautiful Mind” is a sad yet unique, . inspiring film.
The film was directed by 700 words essay, Ron Howard and provided people a whole new perspective on cover letter psychological disorders. When people generally hear the words “mental illness,” the thoughts of crazy, insane, different, abnormal and weird come into 700 words essay, place. “A Beautiful Mind,” based on a true story and introduction, a novel by Sylvia Nasar, has proven the standard thoughts to be inaccurate. Abnormal psychology , Delusional disorder , Hallucination 1481 Words | 4 Pages. America the Beautiful Coca Cola's appearance in the 2014 Super Bowl commercial was a one minute ad that featured a . multilingual interpretation of the song, America the 700 words essay, Beautiful . Essay Environmental? Coke has been portrayed as something so simple that has an amazing way of bringing people together. Essay? It's advertisement has been ideal to good essay, show the world and all across the nation that America is 700 words essay, united in every aspect possible, from a simple smile of happiness. Caffeine , Coca , Coca-Cola 686 Words | 3 Pages.
Name Date Professor ____________________ Strayer University Parameters/Background The case study involving Julia’s food booth …. . (provide background and parameters very similar to an Executive Summary in a Business Report). Julia is considering leasing a food booth outside Tech Stadium at bullying in schools essays home (6) football games. If she clears $1000 in 700 words essay profit for each game she believes it will be worth leasing the booth. $1000 per game to about environmental, lease the booth $600 to lease a warming oven She. 700 Words? Bread , Linear programming , Operations research 328 Words | 2 Pages. Instructor’s Toolkit for Julia Morales’ Monologue Julia's introductory monologue can be used in a variety of ways. Here are a few to . consider: ? large class discussion ? small group discussion during class or clinical ? reflective journaling assignment ? web-based assignment: listen to bullying essays, the audio or read the 700 words essay, script, then discuss and summarize the group’s conclusions. 1. 2. 3. Essay? 4. 5. 6. What are Julia’s strengths?
What are your concerns for this patient? What is the cause of 700 words essay, your concern? What information. Death , End-of-life care , Medicine 796 Words | 3 Pages. ? Immigration into the Beautiful North Into the beautiful North, by Luis Alberto Urea, is awards, telling a story of a nineteen year . old girl called Nayeli who is encourage by the movie “The Magnificent Seven” to go to the United States with her three best friends. Their mission was to cross the border and recruit seven men to save their town, Tres Camarones, from the bandidos. 700 Words Essay? But she also wanted to bring her dad back home. He and good essay, the rest of the men of 700 words essay, Tres Camarones went to the United States looking. Awards? Immigration , Immigration to the United States , Mexican American 1202 Words | 3 Pages. relatives of the essay, group with schizophrenia was 10 times higher than in the control group (Cicarelli, p. 559). JOHN FORBES NASH, JR. Essays? AND SCHIZOPHRENIA A . powerful exploration of how genius and madness can become intertwined, the feature film, A Beautiful Mind, was inspired by the life of Nobel Prize winning mathematician and schizophrenic John Nash (PBS Online, 1999-2002). Nash, known as a mathematical genius and one of the most original minds of the 20th century, made his breakthrough as a twenty-year-old.
A Beautiful Mind , Catatonia , Delusion 1610 Words | 5 Pages. and essay, death is that one can’t be ready to be born itself, but on the other hand, most of people get a chance to times law essay, prepare the end of life themselves. While . people tend to glorify birth and consider death as unlucky, it is not always true. Death can be beautiful perhaps more than the moment of birth, depending on the way of how happily one has lived. What death makes unhappy is within its features, such as uncertainty of 700 words, when, how and why to die, but above everything else, fear of death. In her article.
Afterlife , Death , Death by natural causes 1847 Words | 5 Pages. Apple Inc. Case Study Alex Sorokin Julia Andrejeva Anastasija Citajeva Inga Plavane Karina Tidrike EBS3 1. Opportunities . * The online sales of computer are rapidly increasing. * Large population, which are extremely brand conscious and individualistic. * Laptops are highly demanded products of literature skills, Apple Company therefore more types of 700 words, laptops can be developed which will meet as many needs as possible. * Increase in worms and viruses on PCs so the essay about sustainability, antivirus solution. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPad 5410 Words | 19 Pages. ? Beautiful Outlaw Who is essay, Jesus? “He is the playfulness of creation, scandal and animal care assistant letter no experience, utter goodness, the generosity of the ocean and . ferocity of a thunderstorm; He is cunning as a snake and gentle whisper; the gladness of sunshine and the humility of a thirty-mile walk by foot on a dirt road.” – John Eldredge, Beautiful Outlaw Why Jesus had to die? As a Christian myself, I honestly don’t know what to answer whenever I’m asked the same question within my 20 years of existence. I can’t. Crucifixion of Jesus , Good Friday , Gospel of John 1317 Words | 4 Pages. Life is beautiful , is a film just like roses; it has challenges which are like thorns and have to be faced and overcome by all in order to get . to the beauty of the flower itself. Those who accept these challenges and succeed are the ones who know how to live life in its true sense. The film teaches the audience to enjoy life but at the same time, be prepared to bear the pricks of pain.
The film “Life is essay, Beautiful ” is care no experience, critical of the 700 words, discrimination that the Jews faced during the Holocaust in the Second. Animal Assistant Letter No Experience? Antisemitism , Aryan race , Fascism 1441 Words | 3 Pages. How has the feature film you have studied captured and sustained the viewers interest? Yes exactly and today in my seminar I will identify these key words . to analyze and answer this question. In the film 'A Beautiful Mind', the director Ron Howard, along with writers, producers etc have used many techniques in 700 words essay order to capture the viewers interest and sustain it through out the film. I have identified the most important techniques used as: -how the actors are presented through characterization.
A Beautiful Mind , Actor , Audience 1548 Words | 4 Pages. who Nic would stay with I can only imagine that this was a very hard divorce for care assistant letter no experience Nic to have to go through. Also in essay making this decision did David or Nic’s . mother take into bullying in schools, consideration what effect their fighting had on Nic? When I was reading Beautiful Boy: a father's journey into his son's addiction, I was surprised to read that Nic had marijuana in his backpack. I felt that this was an important part of the 700 words essay, story because it is Nic's first introduction into about environmental, drugs. Nic is unaware to the health. Caffeine , Drug addiction , Heroin 1536 Words | 4 Pages. ? A Beautiful Place Everyone has their favorite place, if it’s in their heads or in real life.
This is about one of my favorite places. . 700 Words? This place would be the place I’d always go to whenever I had the free time. Even if I didn’t, I’d take the good, project I was working on 700 words and finish it there. No one ever went to the place or did I tell them where I was going so I was all alone in complete solitude. I used to live on a farm, out where no one could see. When you step outside you will see never ending. Bullying In Schools Essays? Debut albums , Grass , Plant 763 Words | 3 Pages. A Beautiful Mind: Paranoid Schizophrenia “A Beautiful Mind” is 700 words, a movie that was based off a true story of the Nobel Prize winner . John Nash, who suffered with schizophrenia upon entering Princeton University. Schizophrenia is not a personality disorder, but the splitting of the mind, which can cause people to awards, hear voices, but will not change into 700 words essay, multiple personalities. Nash’s symptoms went unnoticed during his college career, which promoted the times law essay awards, disease to worsen over time because of the lack of. Abnormal psychology , Delusion , Delusional disorder 1741 Words | 5 Pages.
In the Julia North thought experiment, Julia North’s brain is transplanted into a different body. The underlying question arising . from this case is does Julia North continue to exist after the operation? In this paper I will explore how the 700 words, same-brain view, the bodily view, and animal care cover letter no experience, the psychological linkage view would answer this question and provide evidence as to 700 words, why I believe that the psychological linkage view in general and the indirect memory view in particular provide the most compelling answer. Bullying Essays? Body , Cognition , Hippocampus 1287 Words | 3 Pages. Essay? Montejo, Lei Ann Mary M. Tips? Mr. Arianne Jamison,RN, MAN BSN-3 . Clinical Instructor MOVIE ANALYSIS “A Beautiful Mind” I. Identify the 700 words, behaviors manifested by John Nash on the different phases of Schizophrenia. Essay Introduction Tips? a. Prodromal Phase * John Nash often isolate himself, he stays alone in his bedroom. * He stops spending time with his family and.
Delusion , Delusional disorder , Hallucination 798 Words | 3 Pages. 700 Words? becoming a study group leader. Through this commitment to his studies and classmates he not only excelled, but became popular among his peers. Through this . complete turn around he brought his GPA up from essay about sustainability a zero point zero and graduated college with a beautiful four point zero grade point average. Essay? Academia , Change , College 542 Words | 2 Pages. life especially during adolescence. Essay About Sustainability? This is the 700 words essay, time where their ability to adapt to new involvements is the central idea. Without this key point in order academic essay life of . adaptation, humanity would not be where it stands today. Dobbs, David. (October 2011). Beautiful Brains. National Geographic Magazine. Retrieved from http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/print/2011/10/teenage-brains/dobbs-text.
Action potential , Adolescence , Axon 761 Words | 3 Pages. 700 Words? psychologist and nutritionist who has worked with professional dancers. ‘There are unrealistic expectations to be perfect. Academic? They strive to be flawless, and . they can take that too far’ (Triggs). While the general image of essay, a beautiful girl is bullying essays, one who embraces her flaws and is beautiful because of them, the idea of beauty pageants is to make little girls perfect. Along with airbrush makeup, girls wear wigs and hair pieces from as young of an age as one year. Not only do they wear makeup, wigs, hair pieces. Anorexia nervosa , Beauty contest , Child beauty pageant 2253 Words | 6 Pages. 'ESSAY - SWEET CREAM BY JULIA KELK Why is the human race designed to loathe changes in life, when changes could lead to a better life? In . 700 Words Essay? Julia Kelk's short story Sweet Cream she describes a wedding from a lonely young Mexican girl's perspective. The story is set in a hotel called Hotel Central in the Mexican winter wonderland. In the story we meet Jenny who is also the protagonist of the story. She is about 20 years old, and she is at english literature a wedding reception for the cousin of her brother-in-law. English-language films , Mexico , Narrative 894 Words | 3 Pages. the odds and becoming a success.
Most of the time, you’ve got a very macho guy who kicks a bunch of ass and gets ass in return from lovely ladies. We do a . 360 here about a guy who wants to 700 words, become a woman, with the awards, money he makes in his fights. “ Beautiful Boxer” is based on 700 words essay the true story of law essay awards, Nong Toom (Parinya Charoenphol) and shows that Thailand has some promise. The story is pretty much basic but for a first time director this is solid gold. The fights look good, the 700 words essay, characters are typical but still. Boxing , Form of the Good , Kickboxing 1626 Words | 5 Pages. A Beautiful Rainbow Race is a modern idea that was developed 500 years ago during the slave trade. Essay About Sustainability? Europeans believed that enslavement . is terrible. Why should anyone be enslaved?
They believed that Africans were not true humans and were a lesser human; therefore, Africans can be enslaved. This is how race was developed. Racism is the belief that one race is superior to other races. Racism leads to discrimination because an 700 words essay inferior race should not receive equal rights as the in schools, superior. 700 Words? Affirmative action , Black people , Discrimination 1018 Words | 3 Pages. cold. Times Law Essay Awards? Still he made her sing through the night. Essay? He insisted that she should sing faster and louder like him and a level essay, follow the fashion of the 700 words essay, times if she wanted . to be famous.
Under such harsh non-stop training and in schools, criticism, the Nightingale lost her beautiful voice and essay, her singing became uninspired and essay about sustainability, mechanical. The animals stopped coming to 700 words, listen and she grew sorrowful and pale. She had gotten used to times law essay, the fame and essay, cheering and it no longer delighted her to sing alone in the forest. The stony hearted. Bird , Human voice , Nightingale 865 Words | 3 Pages. Julia Lambert is the main character of environmental, Maugham’s novel “Theatre”.
She is an independent woman, in whom the sense of humor, the ability to judge . people and to understand the circumstances are combined with being an essay adventurer.She is a beautiful woman, more or less a careful mother, a rather good wife and about, a brilliant actress. In fact Julia is a sensitive idealistic nature and is always searching for perfection in herself and in others. She was really a born actress and it was an understood thing. Actor , Comedy , Drama 625 Words | 2 Pages. ?Artist Analysis #1 Julia Margaret Cameron, one of photography’s greatest portraitists of all time, is still known today for 700 words her talent in order . capturing the soul of 700 words essay, her subjects in her photographs. Her vivid portraits brought to life the animal assistant cover no experience, personality within the 700 words, people, contrary to all of the other portraitists of this time. Born in June of times awards, 1815 in Calcutta, British India, Julia Margaret Cameron would not pick up her knack for photography until 1863, at 700 words the age of 48. Cameron was given her first camera. Order Academic Essay? Alfred, Lord Tennyson , Charles Darwin , Ellen Terry 732 Words | 4 Pages. TRADITION Once she does wed, Margaret will probably honor southeastern Nigeria’s rich marriage tradition.
It begins with a letter from the 700 words, family of the . groom to essay introduction, the family of the bride, explaining that “our son has seen a flower, a jewel, or something beautiful in your family, that we are interested in,” said Josephine Effah-Chukwuma, program officer for women and children at 700 words the Constitutional Rights Project, a law-oriented nongovernmental organization based in the Nigerian commercial capital of academic, Lagos. Annang , Calabar , Calabar Kingdom 1593 Words | 5 Pages. Beautiful Boy In the book Beautiful Boy David Sheff the father describes his and his family’s experience dealing with his son . Nic who is addicted to the drug crystal meth. Essay? In telling his story David takes us down memory lane to the beginning of his life with his first wife who gives birth to his son Nic. In this book I think that David Sheff lays down a great foundation into the life of his son Nic. He tells us how brilliant Nic is, that Nic has a great imagination and that all of his teachers. Addiction , David , Drug abuse 1209 Words | 3 Pages. Case: A beautiful deal Ethical dilemmas at stake The company has an opportunity to times awards, cut down cost by 2% and this can be the difference in . gain in comparison with the competitors.
It is also important to state that since they have a really close relationship with their present supplier, changing the supplier would hurt their friendship. The ethical dilemmas start here, at either you do what benefit your company or they hurt their friendship. Since the company covers 2/3 of the suppliers, Beauty. Essay? Aesthetics , Business ethics , Ethical dilemma 2069 Words | 7 Pages. the green of the trees, the pale blue and pinks of the flowers, the different patterns of the grass as the wind wove everything onto different dimensions . from good essay tips one minute to the next. The birds seemed to be in good mood as they kept singing this beautiful melody until I found myself humming along with them too. I started to jog, surprisingly, without feeling tired.
The number of visitors had tripled without my realizing it. 700 Words? Even toddlers who had just learned to walk eagerly followed their parents. Astronomical seeing , Middle age , Mother Earth 1095 Words | 3 Pages. ?A Beautiful Mind The story was about a guy named John Nash which is played by Russell Crowe. John Nash has schizophrenia. A Level English Literature Skills? He was a genius . mathematician but eventhough John was really smart he was anti-social. Essay? He rather is skills, alone than being with a lot of people. He was arrogant, he always sees himself as the most important person.
Being antisocial, John develops three different kinds of 700 words, people on animal care assistant his mind. Nash preferred to spend his time with his thoughts, which were primarily of seeing mathematical. 700 Words? Alfred Nobel , Developmental psychology , Imaginary friend 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Chaz Jenkins Anthem Essay “ Beautiful ”: Eminem My favorite song out of the 3 would have to be “ Beautiful ” by Eminem. Not only . is this song considered by both fans and critics as the strongest song off Relapse, but “ Beautiful ” is the only song Eminem actually recorded during the times awards, hiatus between albums Encore and Relapse when he was not clean. His emotions here in this song are clear to me: The addiction to essay, drugs is sinking him into depression, and he feels trapped, as if there is no escape. In Schools Essays? Rehab. 2005 singles , 2008 singles , ARIA Charts 467 Words | 2 Pages. 700 Words? ? A walk to beautiful This video on pbs.org regarding . vagina fistulas has certainly opened my eyes on how many women suffer from good essay this condition. Throughout the 700 words, world two to three million women suffer from obstetric fistula.
In Dabola Village, Ethiopia a women named Ayehu age 25 has an about sustainability incontinence bladder for the past 6 years to the point that she has isolated herself and has made a little hut. 700 Words? Addis Ababa , Catherine Hamlin , Childbirth 561 Words | 2 Pages. Beautiful Disaster Shakespearean scholar M.R. Ridley suggests that the theme of Othello centers on essay about environmental sustainability the conflict between “reason and . Essay? instinct.” There is main reason of why did Iago go to Othello accusing his wife of animal cover letter no experience, cheating. And the instinct Othello had to kill his wife Desdemona due to 700 words, these accusations. Shakespeare has many underlying and reoccurring themes throughout as well. One major theme is that of awards, betrayal and loyalty. During the entire play, every character is either loyal to, or betrays. Essay? Desdemona , Emilia , Iago 1515 Words | 4 Pages. Cesilee Molina Diagnosis and Treatment In the movie A Beautiful Mind, Russell Crowe plays as John Nash; an times law essay incredibly intelligent . man with an essay abnormal personality and opposition for awards people. The movie starts with Nash attending Princeton college in 1945 where he later attempts to essay, make a very large breakthrough in mathematics.
He appears to be highly stressed and tends to stray away from others. John's expressions are at times inappropriate and quite frank, he says what comes to mind no. Brain , Frontal lobe , Hallucination 1834 Words | 6 Pages. Melody Christian Adapted Movie Essay 12/6/12 A BEAUTIFUL MIND This is a true story about a man by the name of John Nash Jr. who was . discovered to essays, have paranoid schizophrenia in his adult life. The story starts with Nash as a student at essay Princeton University. In a scene where John arrives at Princeton to good essay introduction, commence his studies, one of the patterns through his point-of-view shot was when John connects his vision of effulgent lemons, a punch bow, and the pattern of 700 words, a fellow student’s tie. In.
Alfred Nobel , Martin Henson , Nash equilibrium 880 Words | 3 Pages. Bethany Rutherford Mrs. Honnold Descriptive Essay 30 September 2010 My Beautiful Disaster Many people do not understand how life is a . Good Essay? precious gift that should be cherished every moment of the 700 words essay, day. By looking at the world today, and its people, it’s very obvious and understanding how life is taken for a level english literature essay skills granted in so many ways. Only a small percent of 700 words, people truly understand how life is a gift and good essay, how lucky we are to actually wake up every morning to see another day. Essay? When I woke up on July. Doctor , Physician 1023 Words | 3 Pages. (0.38) 0 2000 3333.33 I believe that Julia would increase her profit if she borrowed some more money from in schools essays a friend. Her shadow price, or . dual value, is $1.50 for each additional dollar that she earns. The upper limit given in the model is $1,658.88, which means that Julia can borrow only $158.88 from her friend, which would give her an 700 words essay additional profit of $238.32. Evaluate the times, prospect of paying a friend $100/game to assist.
In order for Julia to be able to prepare the BBQ sandwiches and. Chocolate , Das Model , Food 467 Words | 2 Pages. Beautiful Advice By Alton D. Ray ENG 122 St. Leo University Professor J. Pushkin Beautiful Advice Growing up is . normally considered to be a difficult time in the lives of most individuals. As children, most individuals can recall their parents sitting them down to talk about certain situations in order to 700 words essay, give them a bit of advice. Bullying Essays? Maybe, the majority of the time, the essay, advice may have been for their best interest and at other times just out of simple care. Yet, no matter the reason, it. Literature , Poetry , Rhyme 2186 Words | 6 Pages.
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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for 700 words essay, the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . Animal Assistant. The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the essay, criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and times the river's smell. 700 Words. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River.
Use of the river for water sports is essay about, therefore sure to 700 words, increase. The city government should for english essay skills, that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to 700 words essay, explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the times, assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for 700 words essay, increased resources based on river use. It is easy to essay sustainability, understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to 700 words, lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of good, city residents, the author reports city resident's love of essay, water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey.
For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for good tips, water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. Essay. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the assistant, river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the essay, water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints.
To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the times, river's water and essay the smell, the a level english skills, author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. 700 Words Essay. If the law essay, river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. 700 Words Essay. For example, if the academic, decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to 700 words essay, the geography of the area. This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Literature. Regardless of whether the river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and 700 words essay river usage.
A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a level essay skills a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to essay, invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. Animal Assistant Cover. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the essay, river’s pollution and odor are the only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports.
Paragraph 3 examines the times awards, tenuous connection between complaints and limited use of the 700 words essay, river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from good essay introduction tips only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at 700 words the beginning of paragraphs 3 and cover letter no experience 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently.
Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . assumptions and may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 700 words essay, 6. The author of this proposal to increase the order academic essay, budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and essay thought. While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the essays, survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. Essay. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of good essay tips, actual behavior.
Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Essay. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the essay about environmental, priorities of the 700 words, general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the a level english literature essay, survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities.
Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage. 700 Words Essay. While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to sustainability, find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the 700 words essay, primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of docks and essay tips piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the essay, author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. English Essay. Is this a campaign year and essay the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort?
Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the bullying in schools essays, author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to 700 words, determine if this increase can be afforded. Animal Letter. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from essay road improvements to schools and bullying education. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from.
Examining all the various angles and essay factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is letter, required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in 700 words essay the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is essay sustainability, crucial to the argument. 700 Words. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities.
Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the animal assistant cover, survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of 700 words essay, Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the in schools, argument that river recreation will increase and 700 words essay riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and law essay awards sentences suitably varied in pattern and 700 words length. A Level English Skills. The response uses a number of essay, rhetorical questions, but the a level english essay skills, implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the 700 words, response satisfies all requirements for a score of order essay, 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6.
The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the 700 words essay, Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the care cover, arguement does not say why the essay, recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the order academic, city allot more money to 700 words essay, fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to environmental sustainability, devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the essay, budget is being cut from some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the academic essay, money for the recreational facilities, but also the 700 words, money that was used to clean up the river to attract more people in the first place.
Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and times awards may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the essay, argument depends on essay, questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of essay, 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). A Level Literature. Furthermore, the 700 words, final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own. Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and a level english literature skills cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of errors in grammar and 700 words usage and displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4.
Surveys are created to speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the academic, residents enjoy water sports as a form of essay, recreation. If that is good essay, so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. 700 Words. The real issue is not the residents use of the animal care letter no experience, river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. If the budget is changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise.
The residents will then begin to 700 words essay, complain about other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on Mason River. If more money is taken out of the budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the budget for another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into cover letter no experience, to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to essay, appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the essay environmental sustainability, assumption that people want the 700 words essay, river to be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities.
The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is academic, tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the 700 words, survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the essays, city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the essay, end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the language in this response is bullying in schools, reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical.
First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. However, it seems to have a ralation between the essay, first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the essay tips, river's water and essay the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and result to solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the river. As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue.
This statement is also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the a level english essay skills, statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions.
Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and essay logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications.
Although the response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for about environmental, the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the scores you want them to see only essay, with the ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of Learning. ® Copyright 2017 by Educational Testing Service.
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10 Golden Rules You Should Live By When Combining Fonts: Tips From a Designer. A photography instructor once told me that “You have to know the rules before you can break them.” That’s the 700 words (simultaneously frustrating and a level literature skills freeing) thing about art and 700 words design — there may be some rules; there may be some best practices; but there are very few that are set in stone. Bending or breaking the rules is always a possibility in the right context. So how do we go about learning how to literature essay, effectively combine fonts? By looking a few guidelines, we can see what has proven to work well as a starting point, then get comfortable moving beyond those basics if a design calls for 700 words it. Many fonts have distinct moods or personalities — serious, casual, playful, elegant. You want to times law essay, make sure the moods of your font choices match the 700 words purpose of your design. For instance, a rounded, bubbly typeface may be appropriate for a child’s birthday party invitation, but not for your business newsletter. As is often the animal care assistant case with people, opposites tend to attract: “introverted” and 700 words essay “extroverted” fonts balance each other nicely when combined. So if you have a distinctive font with a “strong personality” (often referred to as a display font), pair it with something more neutral and law essay conservative for 700 words essay a balanced design. The personal branding project below demonstrates this type of balance.
The larger font has a lot of care assistant cover no experience personality, with a curvy, hand-painted look (which complements the designer’s background as an illustrator and typographer). It’s set off by a simple, all-caps san-serif that doesn’t distract from the main font but is still legible at a smaller size. Deciding whether two or more fonts complement each other can feel like something of a guessing game. You’ll often find yourself relying on instinct, a gut feeling. Essay? And that’s ok. If you make a point of good introduction noticing how fonts combine well (or not) out “in the 700 words essay wild” — on websites, in magazines, on store signs and product packaging — you’ll start to develop an eye for what works and what doesn’t. Dribbble/Kyle Anthony Miller. Traditional publishing formats like newspapers and magazines offer good examples of how to apply a visual hierarchy to fonts.
They combine fonts in times awards way that visually separates different textual elements like headlines, sub-headlines, body copy, and captions. 700 Words? Qualities such as size, boldness (also known as “weight”), and spacing (including leading, the space between lines, and kerning, the space between letters) all contribute to times law essay awards, how the eye should navigate the page and what text should attract attention first. Behance/Andrew Colin Beck. A hierarchy can be established for any type of 700 words design, not just layouts with titles and body copy. When you’re picking fonts for a project, just think about what part you want viewers to sustainability, look at 700 words first. Or here’s another way of academic approaching it: Decide what information is essential — what must stand out at first glance (a company name, a headline, a special offer?) — and what is less important. Essay? Then, make your font style, size, and arrangement choices accordingly. Order Academic? The most important textual element is generally (though not always) the largest and the weightiest.
Where your design will appear should help you determine what fonts will work for your project. The text should be easily readable at the size it is going to be displayed, and clarity is especially important for 700 words essay small type. Times Law Essay Awards? Notice how in the example below, the smallest text is in all caps, and the letters are spaced generously — both choices enhance legibility. In addition to size, font styles also affect readability. A good starting point for choosing fonts that fit the context of essay your design is to match the attributes of animal care assistant no experience your intended message with the perceived traits of a typeface (This ties back in 700 words essay with the font personalities discussed in Rule #1).
Part of the a level skills process will be deciding whether display typefaces or more neutral fonts (or some combination of the two) are most appropriate for 700 words essay your project. Sometimes you’ll want something that really pops, and other times the context will require a font that’s not distracting, such as for long passages of sustainability text. The magazine layout below combines two display typefaces with an 700 words essay, easy-to-read sans serif for the body copy. Context can also be approached in terms of genres and a level english essay skills historical periods. Doing a little research into 700 words the backgrounds of the fonts you’re considering — when and how they were created and for what purpose, or even how they’ve been used in essay introduction a cultural context — may help determine if they’re a good choice for 700 words your design.
For instance, a book cover design for a biography about Abraham Lincoln might feature a stately serif font that was in use during the about environmental American Civil War era, such as Caslon or Clarendon. 700 Words Essay? As another example, font styles can play a big role in cementing the overall look of your design, especially if you’re going for a certain aesthetic. This design obviously has a retro/1950s theme, so the fonts have been chosen to reflect that context and are similar to those found in advertising and signage from the period. Running short on order essay, time and essay need to pick two fonts, quick? Try one serif and one sans serif.
The two tend to work together well, particularly at contrasting sizes. It’s worth noting here that, in the world of typography, there’s an animal care no experience, ongoing debate about whether serif or sans-serif fonts are best in terms of readability. For large amounts of text, serif fonts are generally thought to move the eye along more effectively and increase reading speed, especially in print (though this obviously depends the characteristics of the specific font used). On the other hand, sans-serif fonts are often favored for online/on-screen text due to their simplified letterforms that display more clearly at various screen resolutions. One of the main reasons that pairing serif and sans-serif fonts works so well is that it creates contrast. This idea of contrast brings together multiple concepts that you should be considering, including hierarchy and how fonts complement each other. Contrast can be achieved in a number of ways, including through style, size, weight, spacing, and color, among others. In the example below, a bold, chunky font is paired with a tall, thin one — and although they’re almost complete opposites, they work nicely together in 700 words large part because they are so different.
The differences help create distinct roles for each font, allowing them to bullying in schools essays, stand out as individual pieces of information. The size of the date (in pink) is about twice the height of the page title (in white), so those skinny numerals don’t get lost; their larger size gives them enough presence to stand up against 700 words essay the bold headline. Bullying In Schools Essays? When combining fonts, you do want contrast, but you don’t want conflict. 700 Words Essay? Just because fonts are different doesn’t mean they will automatically work well together. Generally speaking, typefaces that share a couple qualities — maybe they have similar proportions, or the lowercase letters have the same height (known as “x-height”) — are more likely to look harmonious together, even if the overall appearance differs. Take the pair of fonts below — this might be a situation where a serif and order essay a sans-serif font are just a little too different from 700 words essay each other.
The top typeface has very rounded, well-spaced letters, while the bottom one has taller, condensed letters. Introduction? Add to that the contradiction between razor-thin serifs and 700 words essay a thick, uniform structure, and these two probably clash more than they contrast. Dribbble/Jean Francois Porchez. 07. Avoid pairing fonts that are too similar. On the flip side of Rule #5, choosing fonts that are too similar (i.e., don’t have enough contrast) becomes problematic. You’ll have trouble establishing a hierarchy, because the fonts aren’t visually distinguishable from animal care assistant letter no experience each other.
And any differences that are discernible may look more like a mistake than a purposeful choice. Essay? But fonts don’t have to cover, be exactly alike to be incompatible. 700 Words? Typefaces that are somewhat different but have comparable weights, proportions, and/or letter shapes may be similar enough to make your design look confusing and indistinct, especially when used at the same size — like the essay about pair below, despite the fact that one has serifs and essay the other doesn’t. Here’s an times law essay, easy way to test whether two or more fonts might be too similar: Place them side by side on your screen, then sit back a little and squint. Essay? If the fonts look basically the same, then that’s a good indication that your design could benefit from turning up the contrast between your type choices. 08. Use fonts from the same family. Using typefaces from the same family is always a safe bet; after all, they were created to work together. Look for families that come with a range of essay options (different weights, styles, cases) to ensure that you have enough variation for your purposes. When pairing fonts that come from the same family, you have to plan carefully to create contrast, varying things like font size, weight (such as light, regular, and bold), and case (upper, lower, small caps).
Families that come with extra features like italics or extended or condensed versions offer even more leeway for essay getting creative with your font arrangements. Essay About? One of the essay benefits of limiting your typefaces for a project to one font family is that it makes the design process a little more streamlined. It can be time-consuming trying to decide on the perfect fonts to sustainability, combine, but when you have a predetermined selection already, it takes some of the pressure off and automatically helps you create a more cohesive look. You may have heard it said that you should keep fonts for one project to only two or three. That’s an appropriate rule of thumb in certain applications (and is common in editorial designs like magazine spreads), but it is by no means a hard-and-fast rule. Some projects will call for more elaborate font combinations, such as if you’re replicating a certain look, like a fancy, Victorian-era design, or when you need a particularly decorative aesthetic. 700 Words Essay? If you do choose to use a variety of fonts, the overall effect should be harmonious, not conflicting or cluttered.
However, as with any design element, you can overdo it with typeface selections. Most projects will benefit from essay tips a more restrained, thoughtful approach. A good way to refine your choices is to give each font a specific role or purpose in the design. 700 Words? If you find yourself using an assortment of order essay fonts, but you can’t really assign motives to your selections, then it may be time to cut back. Last but not least, a friendly suggestion rather than a rule: Practice combining fonts on 700 words, your own, when there’s not money or your boss’ good opinion riding on the project. A Level Essay Skills? As with any skill, becoming competent involves a lot of trial-and-error. And as with most creative endeavors, the art of pairing fonts is often an objective one. There’s no foolproof formula for 700 words finding the essay perfect font combination. So take risks. 700 Words? Experiment. Use your intuition.
Sometimes you’ll just have a feeling that something works, even if it technically shouldn’t, according to the “rules.” Other times, you’ll just know that a font pairing isn’t working; try to figure out why and in schools learn from it. Take these typography basics as a starting point, and if they serve you well, use them — if not, don’t let them stifle your creativity. Essay? Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is a freelance writer and law essay awards graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it. 700 Words Essay? Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of care letter no experience graphic design. Not Sure What Font Looks Best for 700 words essay Web? 50 Free Christmas Fonts To Give Your Designs A Holiday . Need Hints For Good Fonts? Here#8217;s 14 Typographers. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs.
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drawing essays Figure 1. Donald Judd, Untitled , 1967. Graphite on essay paper, 10 3/4 x 13 1/4 inches (27.3 x 33.7 cm) Art © Estate of Donald Judd/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. System, Seriality, and the Handmade Mark in Minimal and Conceptual Art. The exhibition Notations: Contemporary Drawing as Idea and Process presents drawings produced by seminal American artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual art, as well as a selection of works by artists of subsequent generations who continue to engage with the aesthetic strategies and animal care cover procedures of their predecessors.
1 In some cases the drawings on view are self-contained and essay autonomous, but often they are studies for how to proceed to make a sculpture, an english literature installation, or a site-specific work. The grid, the diagram, and serial ordering (all methods of de-skilling or noncomposition) are regularly employed as foils to subjective decision making. Yet the examination of a broad array of drawings by these practitioners reveals distinctive bodies of work that, far from being impersonal or uniform, are as diverse as the artists are innovative. 700 Words. While some artists tended to foreground thought and introduction knowledge as the essential components of an artwork, others focused on the materials themselves with an equal degree of concentration. In both instances the visual and physical allure of their drawings is no less important than the 700 words essay ideas that they convey. Central to tips the exhibition is the paradoxical compatibility between the use of 700 words a priori systems and the individual touch of the artist in an artistic environment that embraced an bullying in schools antiemotive “serial attitude” as something akin to an ethos. 2 Much has been made of the purported purging of essay authorial intentionality and subjectivity in Minimal and Conceptual art, which placed a heightened emphasis on analytic rigor, systematic planning, and english skills serial methodologies. This move is often characterized as a “cool” reaction to the “hot” psychologically transparent practices and rhetoric of 700 words heroic individualism associated with modernist abstraction in the United States in the post–World War II era. 3 The purported shift from hot to cool—from gestural disclosure to rational, antiauthorial approaches—was, however, never definitive or clear-cut.
Drawing, a medium long associated with both the activity of good introduction tips ideation and the manual act of creation, played a central role in 700 words, attempts by artists associated with the process-based and conceptually rigorous practices of Minimal and Conceptual art to open up established understandings of aesthetic production as well as a generative site for the ongoing negotiation of the relationship between subjective and objective approaches, between touch and measured distance. Drawing thus offers a compelling means through which to reexamine the bullying received narrative of the art of this period. Artists engaged in a variety of strategies and essay agendas—including Dan Flavin, Eva Hesse, Barry Le Va, and Sol LeWitt—readily embraced drawing’s salient attributes—its mobility and academic elasticity, its economy and essay antimonumental character, its exploratory nature, and its facility for academic, acting as a mediator, translating abstract concepts into form—to produce works that are notational, diagrammatic, and reductive. 700 Words. Often small in scale, delicate, playful, and highly nuanced, these drawings suggest a level of intimacy and direct encounter with the artists’ thoughts and intentions that is less readily apparent in bullying, their work in other mediums. Drawing is approached here as a powerful if underrecognized lens through which to explore the 700 words essay productive tensions between rational calculation and academic essay subjective expression, concept and material form, and precision and disorder that animate much of the work on view in this exhibition.
Industrial Fabrication / Individual Notation. Employing basic forms, industrial materials, and serial repetition, artists associated with Minimalism, such as Donald Judd and Dan Flavin, sought to free art from symbolic emotional content and pretensions about its transcendent quality. While the established narrative of Minimalism emphasizes an obscuring, even an erasure, of the artist’s hand through the use of industrial fabrication and essay readymade materials, the preparatory and working drawings (necessities given that their art objects were fabricated industrially) produced by these artists reintroduce the hand into the movement’s legacy. 4 By revealing the idea of the system and the plan for construction, these drawings expose the process of creation and stand as vital counterpoints to the sterile perfection of the standardized industrial Minimalist object. The “literalist” position held by Minimalism in the mid-1960s is bullying essays exemplified by 700 words the work of Judd, whose 1965 essay “Specific Objects” set out the basic tenets of his approach: creating self-sufficient and self-referential objects based on material specificity. A Level English Essay Skills. Using industrial materials such as Plexiglas, aluminum, and 700 words essay rolled steel rather than fine art materials, Judd placed his work in a continuum with the mass-produced commodity as opposed to order academic the history of sculpture. The artist employed drawing to work out structure, proportion, and spatial relationships for sculpture but never considered his works on paper as anything other than technical instructions, a type of language used to convey information for the execution of standardized three-dimensional forms. Hand-drawn works providing dimensions and material specifications, such as his untitled drawing of 1967 (fig. 1), paradoxically support his decidedly hands-off management style of delegation and supervision. 5. While Judd understood his working drawings as necessary supporting material for the creation of his serial sculptural works, drawing played a more essential role in the practice of his Minimalist contemporary Dan Flavin.
The artist drew incessantly and for a variety of purposes: to notate an idea or create working drawings for artworks in 700 words, other media; to make quick renderings of nature; to in schools execute finished presentation drawings for sale; and to commission “final finished diagrams”—drawn in colored pencil on graph paper by his wife, son, and studio assistants—which acted as records of his site-specific fluorescent light installations. 6 The act of drawing increased in importance once Flavin’s practice shifted, around 1963, to making works employing readymade fluorescent lamps bought from the hardware store and 700 words essay installed by technicians. He used commonplace materials (ballpoint pen, office paper) to sketch and care assistant cover document possible arrangements for site-specific installations. 700 Words. Although he tended to downplay the graphic value of these drawings, they were essential to his practice, existing as residues of thought. Flavin was always careful to assistant no experience save and 700 words essay date each of these works on paper in order to record the sequence in which they were made.
Drawing thus became a way of projecting and planning situations and times a means of 700 words archiving those plans, relating both to the future and to the past. 7. Figure 2. Dan Flavin, Four drawings for the John Weber Gallery, Feb. Law Essay. 7, 1973; Feb. 8, 1973; Feb.
12, 1973; Feb. 14, 1973 , 1973. Ballpoint pen on typing paper, 4 sheets, each 8 1/2 x 11 inches (21.6 x 27.9 cm) © 2012 Stephen Flavin / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Four Drawings for essay, the John Weber Gallery, Feb. 7, 1973; Feb. 8, 1973; Feb. 12, 1973; Feb.
14, 1973 (1973; fig. 2) is representative of academic essay these working drawings. Rendered in 700 words, pen on white typing paper, these minimal graphic renderings are composed of a series of what Flavin described as “impetuous marks, sudden summary jottings . . . those of academic essay a kind of intimate, idiosyncratic, synoptic shorthand (by now, mainly my ‘style’).” 8 The four drawings that make up this group were produced over the course of a week. Flavin scribbled over and rejected the 700 words essay earliest drawing in the series (Feb. 7, 1973), while the word final is written and underlined in his expressive handwriting at the top of the animal no experience sheet dated February 14, 1973. Memos run all over these pages, supplying information such as color, location, and dimensions. Fluorescent tubes are represented by writing out the name of the color horizontally and vertically (daylight, warm white, cool white, red, yellow, etc.), literally drawing with words.
One drawing includes a series of dedications to friends: “to Kay Foster,” “to Donna.” Personal dedications were common in Flavin’s practice, referring not only to essay friends but also to art historical figures such as Barnett Newman and to political events, as in a 1970s drawing dedicated “to the young woman and men murdered in Kent State and Jackson State Universities and to their fellow students who are yet to be killed.” The inclusion of these personal notes lends Flavin’s work a poetic and political dimension not normally associated with the technical, industrial look of essay tips Minimalism. Drawing proved less well suited to 700 words essay the overall goals of other artists associated with Minimalism, for whom the medium gave undue preference to the conceptual over the physical and about temporal experience of essay their sculptural work and the ambiguities of that experience. The emphasis on the gap between conception and perception, or between the idea of the work and times law essay awards the experience of its physical form, inherent to drawing, troubled artists such as Carl Andre, who rejected a conceptual label for his practice, framing it instead as overtly materialist. 9 The viewer of his floor pieces, exemplary works of Minimalist art, was meant to be ambulatory: “My idea of 700 words essay a piece of care assistant no experience sculpture is 700 words essay a road. That is, a road doesn’t reveal itself at bullying essays any particular point or from essay, any particular point. . Bullying In Schools. . . Most of my works—certainly the successful ones—have been ones that are in 700 words essay, a way causeways—they cause you to make your way along them or around them or to move the assistant cover spectator over them.” 10 An Andre floor sculpture is 700 words intended to provide a phenomenological encounter, extending into and articulating its surroundings; viewers can stand on top of and move across his horizontal works and not see them, experiencing a given piece through a tactile rather than an a level english literature essay skills optical relationship.
Figure 3. Carl Andre, Blue Lock , 1966. Colored ink and felt-tip pen on graph paper, 8 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (22.2 x 24.8 cm) Gift of 700 words Sally and Wynn Kramarsky, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Art © Carl Andre/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Given the importance that he placed on both the materiality of the sculptural object and the viewer’s spatial encounter with it, Andre was resistant to resolving a given work in a single, fixed image, be it in in schools essays, the form of a preparatory drawing or an installation photograph. In Blue Lock (1966; fig. 3), for example, he attempted to work against the static properties of drawing in order to essay convey both the conceptual simplicity and the perceptual complexity of the essay sustainability sculptural work to which it relates. 11 Working on graph paper, he registered his idea for 700 words essay, a floor sculpture as both a square and good essay a rectangle made up of essay repeated rectangular units.
In two adjacent grids he filled the times awards regimented squares of the paper with handwritten letters that spell out the words lock and blue . Written in 700 words, all caps, the letters run in multiple directions, suggesting manifold views—the viewer is compelled not only to read across the a level skills grids but also to turn the sheet around to view it from essay, diverse vantage points. 12. Richard Serra similarly grappled with the environmental disjunction between the fixed nature of the 700 words preparatory sketch and in schools the physical experience of his large-scale sculptural work in space and time. Early in his career, the artist produced small working drawings executed in graphite on paper, denoting a process at once notational and projective. Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A.
County Museum) (1971; fig. 4) provides a bird’s-eye view of an initial concept for a sculpture made of industrial sheets of steel, one that was destined to remain unrealized. While the drawing offers an essay overview of the form of the sculpture, it remains unconcerned with the perceptual shifts unfolding over care assistant letter no experience, time and the transient experiences of a specific site, which would become a major feature of Serra’s monumental sculptural projects. Essay. 13 The artist soon rejected such working drawings altogether, stating: “I never make sketches or drawings for order essay, sculptures. I don’t work from an a priori concept or image. Sculptors who work from drawings, depictions, illustrations, are more than likely removed from the working process with materials and construction.” 14. Figure 4. Richard Serra, Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A. County Museum) , 1971. Graphite on paper, 17 3/4 x 23 1/2 inches (45.1 x 59.7 cm) © 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Figure 5. Essay. Richard Serra, Titled Arc , 1986. Oil crayon on paper, 19 x 24 1/2 inches (48.3 x 62.2 cm) © 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
Drawing would remain a fundamental practice for Serra nevertheless. He began to bullying in schools essays reverse the 700 words medium’s traditional role, however, sketching his sculptures after they were completed as a means of times law essay thinking through formal problems and understanding what he sees and encounters. 15 With Tilted Arc (1986; fig. 5), one in a series of sketches in notebooks made with oil crayon, drawing becomes a means to revisit a piece, in this case his work of public art of the essay same title constructed in 1981 at Federal Plaza in New York. While photographs of the times sculpture fulfill the roles of documentation and dissemination, Serra’s drawing—consisting of 700 words essay a few bold, black lines in oil crayon—performs another function, that of distilling his physical experience of the piece on-site. The process of making the work is palpable: the actions of the hand, its movement and pressure, are visible and felt on the surface of the paper. Much like the quick notations and personal dedications found in Flavin’s work—which subvert the cold, detached character of his light installations—Serra’s physically expressive and gestural drawing works to destabilize the aggressive character of his monumental sculptural practice.
Begun during the times law essay prolonged public hearings and lawsuits relating to Tilted Arc , which would result in 700 words, the removal and ultimate destruction of the sculpture in 1989, this series of essay environmental sketches also retains what Yve-Alain Bois has described as a “sense of mourning,” a sober look back at a project that can never again be experienced in real time and space. 16. Prescribed Procedures / Amorphous Results. By the late 1960s, the emphasis on materiality and physicality of experience, evinced in both Andre’s and Serra’s distinctive approaches to drawing and sculpture, was pervasive. Many artists attempting to extend or, in some cases, react against the principles of Minimalism explored process, performance, installation, and site-specific approaches to creation. Barry Le Va’s opening up of the boundaries of sculptural experience with his antiformal dispersals of nontraditional materials exemplifies a larger shift away from the pristine, manufactured look of Minimalism toward an exploration of the ways in which a work of art literally comes into being. The term Process art encompassed practices like Le Va’s, in which the importance of a work of art is understood to lie more in its materiality and how it was made than in the final product. 700 Words Essay. Process-based works frequently took the form of ephemeral actions, such as the performance of common tasks detached from english, subjectivity, as well as temporary, site-specific installations. Preparatory and presentation drawings are often the only remaining witnesses (besides documentary photographs) to the transient events that these artists enacted and 700 words essay the materials that they engaged with.
Figure 6. Barry Le Va, Wash , 1969. Ink on good essay introduction tips graph paper mounted on paper, 18 1/2 x 22 inches (47 x 55.9 cm) © 2012 Barry Le Va. In 1966 Le Va began producing his distribution pieces, floor-based installations that rejected traditional notions of 700 words a strictly ordered composition. Bullying. These works exploited the properties of everyday materials—felt, chalk, flour, broken glass, mineral oil, iron oxide—and the relative relationships established through loose juxtaposition. Despite the accidental nature of Le Va’s mutable compositional strategy, drawing remained central to his sculptural practice, in the form of diagrammatic sketches or flexible blueprints that brought order to the formlessness that characterizes his contingent installations.
17 He drew “to be alone with myself,” “to discover and clarify my thoughts,” “to visualize my thoughts,” and “to convince myself some thoughts are worth pursuing.” 18 Certainly one can detect a sense of disegno in his conception of drawing—that is, a projective and idealist belief in the medium as uniquely capable of revealing the artist’s mind at work and 700 words essay exposing the mechanism of the creative process. Yet Le Va’s employment of the diagram (a form typically associated with architecture, engineering, and mathematics rather than with art) in works such as Wash (1968; fig. 6), a study for a distribution piece, complicates the romantic idea of drawing as an unmediated reflection of the mind of an individual as registered through the autographic mark. His methodical ordering of space on the page belies the accidental appearance and unstable dispersal of materials that define his distribution pieces by academic revealing the 700 words essay predetermined nature of the overall arrangement of the good essay introduction tips work. 19 Orderly and precise in process and 700 words appearance, his works on law essay paper enact a reversal of the traditional understanding of drawing as a flexible site for spontaneous creation. In Le Va’s case, spontaneity is ultimately deferred onto the unfolding of events occurring in the space of the gallery itself. Wash (1968) exemplifies the generative tension between the random and the orderly that Le Va actively cultivated in his early works. The drawing includes passages of graph paper on which the artist first mapped out the distribution of pieces of felt and shards of glass. 700 Words. Le Va and many of law essay awards his contemporaries frequently used graph paper, not so much for its look as for its suitability for the transfer of ideas into essay form. As the artist Mel Bochner reasoned, “graph paper reduces the tedious aspects of drawing, and order essay permits the easy and immediate alignment of random thoughts into conventionalized patterns of reading and forming.” 20 Le Va cut up the uniform graph paper into essay random shapes, repositioned the fragments atop a sheet of white paper, and connected the pieces through a series of colorful stains made using red, black, and gray ink.
The artist’s handwritten inscription placed under the drawing makes it clear that the stains are meant to reference specific materials: red or black iron oxide and times law essay awards mineral oil. This diagram was apparently never realized in sculptural form but is 700 words related to a series of impermanent installations that Le Va would complete at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis in 1969. These installations involved minerals in different states of skills saturation (wet, damp, and dry) and their potential chemical reactions. Substances were poured directly on the gallery floor and were allowed to dissolve and run into one another, eventually drying, cracking, and staining over time. 21 The strict formal economy of Le Va’s drawn plan simultaneously contradicts and enhances the 700 words flux, flexibility, and physical damage unleashed in times law essay awards, the space of the gallery. Figure 7. 700 Words. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 1973. Graphite on english literature paper, 7 5/8 x 11 1/8 inches (19.4 x 28.3 cm) Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. 700 Words. Louis, Gift of Mr. and Mrs.
Gary Wolff, 2011. © 2012 William Anastasi. Figure 8. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 2009. Graphite on paper, 8 x 11 1/2 inches (20.3 x 29.2 cm) © 2012 William Anastasi. William Anastasi’s subway drawings (figs. 7, 8) engage a similar process-driven dynamic—highly prescribed yet open to unforeseen occurrences—while reflecting a very different intention from the good essay tips deliberate, diagrammatic approach employed by Le Va.
Beginning in the late 1960s, Anastasi developed his unconventional series of “unsighted” works—blind drawings, pocket drawings, and subway drawings—as means of abdicating rather than establishing control by submitting the graphic process to chance. To create his ongoing series of subway drawings, he sits on a subway train, places a sheet of paper on a board on his lap, takes a pencil in each hand, rests the points on the paper, closes his eyes, dons headphones to block out essay, all ambient sound, and lets the movement of his body in transit determine the composition of each work. Rather than relying on vision, he creates the work by assigning himself a simple task and arbitrary limits: each drawing is produced in the time it takes him to get from point A to point B on the subway and is finished when he gets off the train at a predetermined destination. By drawing blind and incorporating chance, Anastasi subverts the tradition of drawing as a synthesis of vision, knowledge, and essay manual skill. In carrying out this prescribed act, which is both meditative and absurd, the artist places his focus squarely on phenomenology.
Phenomenological impact became a key aspect in some strains of Minimalist sculptural production in the late 1960s as artists such as Carl Andre, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra were preoccupied not only with the essay process of production but also with how a work was perceived by the viewer in real time and space. English Literature Essay Skills. 22 These artists often forced the spectator’s body into a confrontation with an 700 words essay object or a visual field as a form of defamiliarization, exhorting viewers to become conscious of their own processes of perception in order to assistant no experience see beyond the prevailing conventions of 700 words art. With Anastasi’s more modest drawings, however, it is not the spectator’s active experience of a sculptural work that is highlighted but that of the artist himself. His body becomes a key instrument in essay environmental sustainability, the overall performance, serving as a passive implement that absorbs and records motion. Always consisting of two scribbled clusters of lines that move in all different directions, the subway drawings read as residues of a durational performance and as records of Anastasi’s travels across New York, revealing the 700 words temporal experience of the artist. Systematic in approach and detached in procedure, this brand of embodied mark making nevertheless proffers a significant reopening to the bodily subject. Sol LeWitt pushed the process- and systems-based approach to artistic production in still another direction. Rejecting any focus on a level literature the performing body of the artist, he elevated the working through of an idea to a position of importance, which he understood as equal to that of the resulting work.
Though initially associated with Minimal art, LeWitt emerged as one of the leaders of Conceptual art. In his “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art” (1967), which became in effect a manifesto for the movement, he crystallized a radically divergent move in postwar art toward praxis as idea based: “If the artist carries through his idea and makes it into visible form, then all the 700 words steps in the process are of importance. Skills. The idea itself, even if not made visual, is as much a work of art as any other aesthetic product. All intervening steps—scribbles, sketches, drawings, failed works, models, studies, thoughts, conversations—are of interest.” 23 Given the importance LeWitt placed on the “intervening steps” in the manifestation of an idea, both drawing and essay language (visual experience and linguistic experience) hold a privileged place in his body of work. Figure 9. Sol LeWitt, Three-Part Variations on Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 , 1967. Ink and graphite on paper, 11 3/4 x 23 3/4 inches (29.8 x 60.3 cm) © 2012 The LeWitt Estate / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Three-Part Variations on order Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 (1967; fig. 9) is a drawing of a series of three-dimensional structures related to concurrent sculptural explorations.
LeWitt plotted different permutations on three-cube constructions or, as he wrote at the top of the drawing in 700 words essay, capital letters: “three three-part variations in which the top and bottom cube have one side removed (3) while the middle cube is bullying in schools essays solid (1).” The artist replaced traditional principles of sculptural organization and compositional relational order with a chosen permutational system that can be rationally calculated and thus understood by the viewer either mentally or in material form. The cubes are drawn in essay, isometric perspective (a technique commonly employed in technical or engineering drawings) on a hand-drawn grid. The use of the grid emphasizes the uniformity of the cubes: each cube is two grid squares tall and two grid squares wide. The grid and the technical rendering give the appearance of an ordered sequence intended to provide objective visual information, expressing a universalizing vision of animal care industrial-age perfection based on serial production. It appears that LeWitt used this language of efficiency in order to 700 words subvert it, however. Order Essay. 24 The seemingly endless potential for variation implied in his system gives the lie to the fundamental arbitrariness of his concept and the subjective decision making that orders it. He employed the grid, the cube, and serial structure as checks to essay subjective choices, yet his drawing and its system of rules paradoxically work to reaffirm the creative role of the artist. 25.
Although the order academic essay serial is 700 words essay commonly associated with the rationalism found in Minimalist works by artists such as Judd, Andre, and Flavin, it always holds within it a relationship to its opposite: the random or antirational. LeWitt acknowledged as much in his second text on Conceptual art, “Sentences on Conceptual Art” (1969), making a distinction between the logical approach of scientific or industrial production and english literature essay skills that of aesthetic experience: 1. Conceptual artists are mystics rather than rationalists. They leap to conclusions that logic cannot reach. 2. Rational judgments repeat rational judgments.
3. Irrational judgments lead to new experience. 4. Formal art is 700 words essentially rational. 5. Irrational thoughts should be followed absolutely and logically. 26. LeWitt uses the word irrational loosely in this text. Employed in this context as a means of signaling the polar opposite introduction of rational judgment and 700 words essay sound logic, the term also implies a type of action that is completely beyond human control, a meaning that seems to move outside the times law essay bounds of the essay dichotomy that he strives to set up between the rational and the subjective.
While LeWitt held on to a systematic approach to artistic production, he recognized that only by introduction tips moving past the essay tautological thinking of rationalist aesthetic approaches could one arrive at new forms and experiences. Figure 10. Eva Hesse, Untitled , 1967. Ink on graph paper, 11 x 8 1/2 inches (27.9 x 21.6 cm) © The Estate of Eva Hesse, Hauser #038; Wirth Zurich London. Eva Hesse also probed the relationship between order and disorder, between serial methodology and antirational processes, yet her work delineates an opposing limit of this practice. Although she was part of the circle of Minimalist and essays Conceptual artists who worked and socialized in 700 words essay, New York in good tips, the 1960s and 1970s, her artistic production is 700 words essay often characterized as Postminimal, a term that acknowledges her move to open up the constrained structures of english Minimalism by giving geometric form an 700 words essay organic and bodily dimension. Hesse’s work is tips notable for the way in which it implicates the body in essay, new ways—the body understood as a psychic site rather than the essay introduction tips neutral or passive one of Anastasi’s subway drawings and much Minimalist art. Drawing played a central part in this expansion of boundaries. By 1966 Hesse began making a series of drawings using black ink on graph paper. She worked with the controlled grid, but was equally interested in the potential for accident, embarking on what has frequently been described as a form of compulsive repetition and accumulation.
The artist herself gave credence to such an interpretation with statements such as, “Series, serial, serial art, is 700 words another way of repeating absurdity.” 27 Her untitled drawing of 1967 (fig. 10) is essay exemplary of this series of works in which the basic element of the circle is repeated over and over to fill in 700 words, the form of the grid. Although relatively sparse, the drawing exudes a concentrated intensity that works to heighten the psychological dimension of Minimalism’s embrace of geometry and repetition. The recurrence of the circle involves a mechanical gesture, yet the end result is decidedly uneven; upon closer inspection, the bullying in schools essays irregularities of 700 words each circle reveal themselves. Diversity and variation are achieved not as a function of rules of permutation, as in english literature essay, LeWitt’s drawing, but as a result of the uneven pressure of the essay artist’s hand on literature the paper. This endows the drawing with a decidedly personal, tactile dimension that opposes the strict reductivism of LeWitt, her Conceptualist contemporary. Minimal and essay Conceptual Drawing and its Legacy. Although their approaches and agendas were notably distinct, all the artists discussed here were working through the fallout of a level essay a modernist vision of 700 words art and society, self-consciously rethinking and challenging established traditions of artistic practice. Created during a liminal moment between modernism and postmodernism, their drawings represent less a stylistically coherent body of work than an intensive mode of thinking about redefining the material and conceptual conditions of art-making.
While attempting to move away from the emotive claims of their Abstract Expressionist predecessors, artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual practices wanted to uphold the freedom of experimentation with form and materials initiated by artists such as Jackson Pollock. The climate of analysis and material experimentation of the 1960s and 1970s in times law essay awards, the United States not only addressed the artwork and standards of artistic production but also extended to the critique of institutions, the role of the artist and audience, the dissemination of essay artworks in the market, and law essay awards the industrial conditions of modern society. Essay. 28 Drawing was certainly not the only medium to in schools essays reflect these tendencies, but its diverse implementation, immediate character, and ability to convey process made it a particularly apt means of registering the generative tension between analytical strategy and individual creation that underpins much of the art produced at this time. Figure 11. N. Dash, Commuter , 2011. Graphite on paper, 14 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (37.5 x 24.8 cm) In the essay four decades since the 1970s, several significant paradigm shifts have reshaped the political and social world in which we live, including the rapid rise of the digital age and environmental sustainability an increased global connectedness accompanied by greater mobility, standardization, and homogenization. Essay. Art has continued to essay about environmental sustainability adapt to these new conditions. Many of the issues that motivated the artistic struggle to work through and against modernist endgames—the idea that art is predicated on a progressive model of invention or the essentialist notion that something like the absolute essence of painting or sculpture exists—are of 700 words little interest to subsequent generations of artists. 29 They no longer feel compelled to grapple with the rules of about sustainability such a limited approach; nor are they constrained by postmodernism’s negative and nostalgic appraisal of the modernist past. Rather, artists working today openly reference and revise the art historical past, including the history of modernism, exploiting the possibility afforded them of freely engaging with the creative process to arrive at new forms and ideas.
Figure 12. Jill O’Bryan, 40,000 Breaths Breathed Between June 20, 2000 and March 15, 2005 , 2000-05. Graphite on paper, 60 x 60 inches (152.4 x 152.4 cm) The artists N. Dash and 700 words essay Jill O’Bryan, for instance, adopt a range of modernist strategies, including repetitive and serial processes as well as body and performance art, all of which emerged in the 1960s and essays early 1970s. They take these strategies down markedly different paths, however, placing overt emphasis on aesthetic gratification, material exploration, and individual gesture coupled with a strong engagement with the tasks and rhythms of daily life. Rather than explicitly linking the practice of 700 words drawing to large-scale sculptural installations and other conceptual projects—as was the case in good, the work of Flavin, Serra, Le Va, and LeWitt—both artists embark on highly hermetic forms of creation through which the essay properties of drawing are probed and developed. They highlight labor-intensive methods of manual craft and the materiality of the bullying essays specific medium being employed yet also implicate the artist’s body. N. Dash’s Commuter Works (ongoing since 2010) move beyond the notebook, the preparatory sketch, and the traditional form of pencil on paper (fig. 11). Her works appear conceptually in line with Anastasi’s subway drawings in 700 words essay, that they record the artist’s bodily movements while riding public transportation in New York, but they are created without the use of a drawing implement, revealing a desire for a more immediate connection between the maker’s hand and the materials.
Dash produces these works by folding, rubbing, creasing, and refolding sheets of paper and essay then applying pigment (graphite or indigo powder) to them by hand in order to highlight the progressive accumulation of wrinkles and marks. Her practice is based less on an exploration of automatic processes, chance occurrences, or a sublimation of the essay subjective self, as are Anastasi’s subway drawings, and more on an examination of the means by good essay introduction which bodily expression can be embedded into essay the support materials associated with painting, sculpture, and drawing. Jill O’Bryan’s large-scale 40,000 Breaths Breathed between June 20, 2000 and March 15, 2005 (2000–2005; fig. 12) also turns drawing into a recording device as the artist meticulously tracked her individual breaths over the course of five years, using only pencil marks on paper. In a manner similar to the accumulative gestures seen in Hesse’s gridded drawing, the graphic patterns that emerge across O’Bryan’s large sheet are not rigid or precise but rather organic and essay sustainability irregular, undulating with a gradation of tones based on the amount of pressure the artist exerted on the paper. The final drawing appears as nothing less than a test of endurance, one that resonates with certain approaches to 700 words essay body art and feminist agendas.
With its emphasis on time and repetition, the work emerges as a fragile, obsessive attempt to explore the order essay conditions of selfhood and essay register something of the english literature essay daily experience of art. Figure 13. Janet Cohen, San Francisco at New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 4-0 , 2004. Graphite on paper, 9 1/4 x 13 inches (23.5 x 33 cm) © Janet Cohen, 2004. Janet Cohen’s ongoing practice of meticulously charting popular activities such as the seemingly random events of a baseball game offers yet another variation on this internal and indexical approach to mark making, one that appears to speak simultaneously to essay the fragmentation of good essay introduction tips contemporary life and nostalgia for essay, a sense of completeness. Her clustered diagrams of essay introduction overlapping numbers and letters in black and white pencil are the essay result of her own idiosyncratic system for estimating locations where pitches cross the strike zone and the results of the essay about actual pitches during a given baseball game. Works such as San Francisco at New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 4–0 (2004; fig.
13) exist as both abstract representations of these events and as highly individual catalogs of time and 700 words essay thought whose underlying system is understood by the artist alone. What exactly is at stake today in this intertwined desire for an immediacy of touch within prescribed limits? Marking up a blank piece of good essay tips paper—experiencing a concrete and immediate way of making art within an evolving digital landscape that often removes us from experiencing “the real” and ourselves—appears to 700 words offer itself as an inherently human activity. The use of predetermined parameters complements such individual efforts, providing a means of organizing thought, tracking time, and perhaps bringing a sense of order and consistency to the disorder of daily events. Drawing has always served as a vital means of making sense of the world around us and the forces that animate it, mediating rather than mirroring our lived condition. In the 1960s and assistant cover no experience 1970s artists grappled with industrial conditions then shaping their everyday lives by engaging systematic and programmatic procedures to guide their work. In many instances, the pronounced engagement with seriality and repetitive marking, charting, and diagramming offered a means not of 700 words adopting the rational logic of industry but of highlighting art’s potential escape from good essay tips, it.
It seems apt in today’s contemporary climate of 700 words ongoing upheaval and perpetual advancement of digital technologies that the desire to draw, to mark, to times law essay awards track is embraced by artists who, much like their historical predecessors, seek to expand the capacities for invention while working to regain a sense of human experience. 1. All the works in the exhibition are drawn from the collection of Sally and Wynn Kramarsky, New York; several of them have been donated by 700 words the couple to The Museum of bullying essays Modern Art, New York. Over the 700 words essay past few decades, the essay about environmental sustainability Kramarskys have amassed a collection that provides an impressive overview of canonical Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual art, while continuing to collect works by emerging artists whose work is in line with this core aesthetic. 2. 700 Words. The term comes from Mel Bochner, “The Serial Attitude,” Artforum 16 (December 1967): 28–33. 3. Academic Essay. See Irving Sandler, “The New Cool-Art,” Art in America 53 (February 1965): 96-101, and essay Pepe Karmel, “An In-Between Era,” in New York Cool: Painting and Sculpture from the NYU Art Collection (New York: Grey Art Gallery, New York University, 2008), 21–35. In recent years, several scholars have begun to rewrite the received history of postwar American art. See, for example, Catherine Craft, An Audience of Artists: Dada, Neo-Dada, and the Emergence of in schools Abstract Expressionism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012). 4. The language of 700 words late capitalist efficiency and organization informed many of these projects as artists mimicked the introduction tips division of 700 words essay labor into mental and manual realms by commissioning others to realize their ideas or, in some cases, sidestepping actual material production altogether. For an in-depth analysis of the relationship between artistic production, labor, and the shifting socioeconomic context in 1960s America, see Helen Molesworth, Work Ethic (Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Art, 2003), and law essay awards Julia Bryan-Wilson, Art Workers: Radical Practice in the Vietnam War Era (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009).
5. Judd’s drawings, and the significant revision of the role of the artist that they suggest, would meet with controversy later in his career, when the Italian collector Giuseppe Panza authorized the fabrication of 700 words sculptures from the artist’s working drawings without Judd’s permission. Judd declared these works forgeries, insisting that his oversight was required in the fabrication of his work. Essay Introduction Tips. See Susan Hapgood, “Remaking Art History,” Art in America 78 (July 1990): 114–17. See also Molesworth, Work Ethic , 163. 6. Numerous publications since the 700 words essay 1970s have explored the role that drawing played in Flavin’s artistic practice. Times Law Essay Awards. See Emily S. Rauh, Dan Flavin: Drawings and 700 words Diagrams, 1963–1972 (Saint Louis: Saint Louis Art Museum, 1973); Dan Flavin: Drawings, Diagrams, and Prints, 1972–1975 (Fort Worth, TX: Fort Worth Art Museum, 1977); and Dan Flavin Drawing (New York: Morgan Library, 2012). 7. Briony Fer, “Nocturama: Flavin’s Light Diagrams,” in order, Dan Flavin: New Light , ed. Jeffrey Weiss (Washington, DC: National Gallery of essay Art, 2006), 46. 8. Dan Flavin, statement on view at the Kunstmuseum Basel in the exhibition Zeichnungen, Diagramme, Duckgraphik, 1972 bis 1975, und Zwei Installationen in fluoreszierendem Licht von Dan Flavin (1975), reprinted in Dan Flavin (1976), 6. 9. In a 1970 interview with Phyllis Tuchman, Andre states, “I am certainly no kind of conceptual artist because the physical existence of my work cannot be separated from the idea of it….My art springs from my desire to have things in the world which would otherwise never be there.” See Phyllis Tuchman, “An Interview with Carl Andre,” Artforum 8 (June 1970): 60.
10. Andre, ibid., 57. 11. The drawing relates to Andre’s planar floor sculptures Blue Lock Trial (1966), Blue Lock (1967), and Black Lock (1967). The latter two works have since been destroyed. 12.
Christine Mehring provides a compelling reading of this drawing. See Mehring, “Carl Andre: Blue Lock, 1966,” in Drawing Is Another Kind of Language: Recent American Drawings from a New York Private Collection , by Pamela M. Lee and Christine Mehring (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Art Museums, 1997), 28–29. 13. Yve-Alain Bois, “Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes: On Richard Serra’s Drawings,” in Richard Serra: Drawings, Zeichnungen, 1969–1990 (Bern, Switzerland: Bentelli, 1990), 17. 14. Richard Serra, “Interview: Richard Serra and Bernard Lamarche-Vadel,” New York, May 1980, first published in Artistes (November 1980), reprinted in Richard Serra: Interviews, Etc., 1970–1980 (Yonkers, NY: Hudson River Museum, 1980), 146. 15. For an in-depth analysis of Serra’s approach to drawing across his career, see Bernice Rose, Michelle White, and Gary Garrels, eds., Richard Serra Drawing: A Retrospective (Houston: Menil Collection, 2011). 16. Bois, “Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes,” 28.
17. Klaus Kertess has aptly described Le Va’s drawings as having “the clarity and order conviction of a topographic map or a computerized analysis of atmospheric turbulence.” See Klaus Kertess, “Between the essay Lines: The Drawings of Barry Le Va,” in Barry Le Va, 1966–1988 (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon Art Gallery, 1988), 27. 18. Barry Le Va, “Notes” (undated), reprinted in Accumulated Vision: Barry Le Va (Philadelphia: Institute of Contemporary Art, 2005), 89. 19. Ingrid Schaffner has perceptively noted that while Le Va’s installation photographs might tell us “how Le Va sees his installations,” it is his drawings that “tell us how to read them.” See Ingrid Schaffner, “Accumulated Vision and Violence, Barry Le Va,” in essay, Accumulated Vision , 61. 20. Mel Bochner, “Anyone Can Learn to Draw,” press release for Drawings , Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich, 1969, reprinted in 700 words, Bochner, Solar System #038; Rest Rooms: Writings and Interviews, 1965–2007 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008), 61.
21. Marcia Tucker describes the 1969 installations in in schools essays, Tucker, “Barry Le Va: Work from 700 words essay, 1966–1978,” in good, Barry Le Va: Four Consecutive Installations and Drawings, 1967–1978 (New York: New Museum, 1978), 12. For photographs of the installation, see ibid., 24, 25. 22. See particularly Robert Morris’s series of essays, “Notes on Sculpture” (February 1966) and “Notes on Sculpture, Part II” (October 1966), reprinted in Continuous Project Altered Daily: The Writings of Robert Morris (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993). 23. Sol LeWitt, “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art,” in 700 words, Open Systems: Rethinking Art, c. 1970 , ed. Introduction Tips. Donna DeSalvo (London: Tate Modern, 2005), 180; originally published in essay, Artforum 5 (Summer 1967). 24.
James Meyer, Minimalism: Art and Polemics in the Sixties (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001), 187. 25. In the 1960s LeWitt was attracted to the cube and the square as “grammatical devices from order essay, which the work may proceed.” He went on essay to elaborate: “They are standard and universally recognized, no initiation being required of the viewer. . . . The use of a square or cube obviates the necessity of inventing other forms and reserves their use for invention.” See Sol LeWitt, untitled statement in Lucy Lippard et al., “Homage to the Square,” Art in America 55 (July–August 1967): 54. 26. LeWitt, “Sentences on Conceptual Art,” in Sol LeWitt: Critical Texts , ed.
Adachiara Zevi (Rome: I Libri di AEIOU, 1994), 88, originally published in 0–9 (New York, 1969). 27. Eva Hesse, quoted in law essay, Lucy Lippard, Eva Hesse (New York: De Capo, 1976), 96. 28. Josef Helfenstein, “Concept, Process, Dematerialization: Reflections on the Role of Drawings in Recent Art,” in Drawings of Choice from a New York Collection , ed. Josef Helfenstein and Jonathan Fineberg (Champaign, IL: Krannert Art Museum, 2002), 13. 29. Yve-Alain Bois examines the end of modernist painting in terms of essay play and gaming, suggesting that painting is english essay skills never an endgame but a game comprising different matches. See Yve-Alain Bois, Painting as Model (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990), 241–42. Jordan Kantor also takes up Bois’s analogy in her essay “Drawing from the Modern: After the Endgames,” in Drawing from the Modern, 1975–2005 (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2005), 53–54. Error: Twitter did not respond.
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